• Population: 2.8 million.
  • Area: 1,566,000 sq. km (4 times bigger than France).
  • Land boundaries: 8,158 km.
  • Altitude: Average altitude is 1,580 m above sea-level. Highest point is Huiten Peak at Altai Yavan Bogd (4,374m); lowest point is Huh Nuur Depression (560m).
  • Terrain: Mountain steppes in central and northern regions, vast semi-desert and desert plains, high mountains in the west and Gobi Desert in the south.
  • People: Khalkha Mongols (86%), over 20 smaller Mongolian ethnic groups and Kazaks (6%).
  • Languages: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in Ulaanbaatar.
  • Religion: Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism.
  • Climate: Relatively dry with extreme continental temperatures. Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -23'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June, Summer from July through to September.
  • Political system: Parliamentary republic. State Great Khural (Parliament), with 76 members elected for four years. The last election was held in July, 2004. President elected for four years. Present President was elected in 2005. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years.
  • Judicial system: Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
  • State structure: Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.
  • National currency: Tugrik (MNT), € 1,- equals approx. 1800 tugriks as of December, 2012
  • Economy: About a third of the GDP is generated by the mining industry based mainly on copper, gold, fluor, spar and coal. Other major sectors are animal husbandry, light industries and tourism.
  • Public holidays: December 31 / January 1 / New Year 3 days in January/February / Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), June 1 / Mother and Child day, July 11-13 / National Holiday (Naadam).
  • Time: GMT+8
  • Normal working hours: 09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00
  • Electric current: 220 volts/50 HZ
  • Weights and measures: Metric System
  • Visa arrangements: Visa shall be issued by Mongolian Embassies and Diplomatic Missions as well as Honorary Consuls of Mongolia , or it can be obtained at the airport at a cost of US$53 but your application must be accompanied by an invitation from the Tiara Resort.